From face-to-face to blended distance learning, students are still adjusting to the sudden change of the education system, needing the help of their parents or guardians in finishing academic tasks at home. For this reason, more parents are getting involved, focusing their attention to their children’s modules and other learning resources. 

A mother of a grade three pupil in Marinduque named Jenice Ramiro got disappointed upon seeing an illustration of a farmer’s family in her son’s English module. 

She posted her sentiments on Facebook saying, “Napansin ko lang ‘to habang nagbabasa ng module ng anak ko sa English grade three. Bakit kaya ganito ang larawan ng pamilya ng farmer? Gula-gulanit ang mga damit, madungis, at may hubad pa na bata. Napakababa naman po ng pagkakalarawan nila sa magsasaka. Paano naman po natin maengganyo ang mga bagong henerasyon na magsaka kung ganyan? Nakakasakit ng loob.” (I noticed this while I was reading my son’s English module who is in grade three. Why is this the picture of the peasant family? Clothes were ragged, dirty, and there’s even a naked child. Their description of farmers is very demeaning. How can we entice the new generation to do farming? It hurts.)

In our interview with Ramiro, she shares that she is a graduate of Agriculture Technology who runs a nursery in Marinduque. According to her, she aims to train her only child to be a farmer, too. Seeing the photo of a farming family in her son’s English module upsets her due to the low representation of farmers. 

In her opinion, they could have shown that the farmer’s family were not wearing ragged clothes and that it’s better if there’s a house next to a farm with abundant crops and healthy animals. She adds, “Kahit hindi maganda ang damit basta hindi naman po hubad at gula-gulanit, wala pang tsinelas,” (Even if the clothing is not elegant, as long as it is not naked and torn or moreso, without slippers.)

Netizens’ reactions to the DepEd’s module depicting a farmer’s family

Ramiro’s post, which she eventually deleted, caught the attention of thousands of netizens and some even reposted the photos on their respective accounts. This has been circulating on the web and has been receiving criticisms and analysis. 

On a Facebook post, Honorio Santos Cruz, a farmer, wrote his opinion regarding this issue, “Maraming nagalit sa illustration ng pamilya daw ng farmer sa MODULE ng DepEd. Nakakagalit naman talaga. Nakakagalit dahil totoo naman na karamihan ng magsasaka ay mahirap.” (Many were angry at the illustration of the farmer ‘s family in DepEd’s module. It’s really maddening. It is enraging because it is true that most farmers are poor.)

He adds that farmers are abused and that the support and financial aid that are supposedly for them are being kept by the ones in the higher posts. There are successful farmers, but only at a small percentage. Many of the farmers’ population are more on the fringes of society, said Cruz. For him, the photo shown in the module is wrong. “It is wrong that the farmers are poor, they are the main reason why we have food on our tables. And this will be corrected if the government will help them to rise, especially that the [Rice Tariffication Law] RTL continues to bring them down.”

5 Screen captured from a Facebook post of Honorio Noi Saknong Cruz. 744x1023 - Module of a grade three pupil showing a family of a farmer in torn clothes received criticisms from the public
Screen captured from a Facebook post of Honorio “Noi” Cruz.

Kit Ian Mausisa, a farmer who left the corporate world to farm, shared his point of view on this via his Facebook account, too. 

On his Facebook post, he commented, “Farmers are one of the most exploited sectors here in the Philippines. While it is true that a lot of farmers are poor here in the Philippines due to several factors, that’s no excuse for the DepEd to depict them as such and to stereotype them. A lot of them stayed poor due to the lack of education and training. Yet, they work hard to provide us with food.” 

For Mausisa, remodeling the educational system is needed because it holds an important role that contributes not only to the success of current and future farmers, but also for every Filipino. 

6 Screen captured from Kit Ian Mausisas comment on his Facebook post. 744x767 - Module of a grade three pupil showing a family of a farmer in torn clothes received criticisms from the public
Screen captured from Kit Ian Mausisa’s comment on his own Facebook post.

“Masakit na makita na ganon lang tingin ng DepEd sa aming mga farmers. [We] find it challenging to encourage young people to go into farming pero [we] have been able to successfully do so. Then this happened.” (It hurts to see that DepEd views our farmers as something like that. [We] find it challenging to encourage young people to go into farming, but [we] have been able to successfully do so. Then this happened.) 

Still, Mausisa hopes for the government sectors to unite in making the Philippine agriculture flourish. 

Ponchit Ponce Enrile, also a farmer, commented on a repost saying, “Merong katotohanan. 90 percent ng mga magsasaka ay mahirap. Ang dapat baguhin ay hindi ang litrato na ’yan kung hindi ang kalagayan  ng mga magsasaka.” (There is truth. 90 percent of farmers are poor. What needs to be changed is not that picture but the plight of the farmers.)

7 Screen captured from Ponchit Ponce Enriles Facebook comment. 744x257 - Module of a grade three pupil showing a family of a farmer in torn clothes received criticisms from the public
Screen captured from Ponchit Ponce Enrile’s Facebook comment.

Enrile says that the family in the photo are not farmers, but beggars. According to him, farmers tend to wear clothes with holes sometimes because they use old clothes while out in the fields. “Nevertheless, I still think that the average farmer is poor, but not pulubi (beggar). Kasi may kinakain araw-araw ang magsasaka. (because the farmers have something to eat every day.)” 

The depiction of farmers makes him think that it was created by an uninformed person. Although he believes that many farmers in the country are poor, these farmers do not deserve such a situation. 

Amid everything, Jonalyn Ajeda, an undergraduate student of Science and Agriculture and a daughter of farmers, takes pride in her farming family. She wrote in the comment section of the reposted photos of the module, “My parents are farmers and we’re nine siblings. Hindi ako nagmamayabang, proud lang ako sa parents ko, proud ako sa mga kapatid ko, proud ako sa pamilya ko dahil produkto kami ng magsasaka o farmers.” (I am not bragging, I am just proud of my parents, I am proud of my siblings, I am proud of my family because we are the product of farmers.)

8 Screen captured from Jonalyn Cabral Ajedas Facebook comment. 744x657 - Module of a grade three pupil showing a family of a farmer in torn clothes received criticisms from the public
Screen captured from Jonalyn Cabral Ajeda’s Facebook comment.

As of now, the DepEd has not released their official statement regarding this matter. 

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