The Philippines retained its good standing in terms of worldwide gauge of people’s sense of personal security and peace and order as it landed in the list of Top 50 nations with good peace and order.

000 1V97MY - PH in top 50 list of countries with good peace and order
A resident rides her bicycle past armed soldiers along a street in Navotas in suburban Manila on July 16, 2020. (Photo by Ted ALJIBE / AFP / MANILA BULLETIN)

Washington-based analytics and advisory firm Gallup released the 2020 Global Law and Order report showing that the Philippines scored 84/100 in terms of positive security perception which resulted in the country’s inclusion in the top 50 nations of good peace and order. The survey was conducted in October last year.

The highest score was Singapore with 97, while Afghanistan got the lowest with 43. The Philippines joined Australia, New Zealand, Poland, and Serbia which also got an 84 score.

Gallup’s Global Law and Order report is a worldwide gauge of people’s sense of personal security and their personal experiences with crime and law enforcement. Those who were surveyed in the Philippines also gave positive responses on law enforcement agencies and how they were doing their job in their respective areas.

Police Lt. Gen. Guillermo Lorenzo Eleazar, commander of the Joint Task Force COVID Shield, is optimistic that the Philippine’s ranking in the Global Law and Order will further improve in the coming years as index crime in the country decreased by almost 50 percent during the quarantine period.

“With the dedication and hard work of all policemen, soldiers, firemen, and Coast Guard in strictly implementing quarantine rules that played a key role in further improving the peace and order situation nationwide, we are confident that we would further improve in the next survey,” said Eleazar.

The JTF COVID Shield is the enforcement arm of the Inter-Agency Task Force on the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-MEID). It is composed of the Philippine National Police (PNP), the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), and the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP).

“The Filipino people themselves have witnessed the sacrifices of our personnel in ensuring that they are both safe from criminal elements and the coronavirus infection,” he added.

Based on the latest crime data of the Philippine National Police (PNP) on Eight Focus Crimes, there was a 46 percent reduction in index crime nationwide during the 226-day community quarantine period (March 17 to October 28, 2020) with 21,729 crimes compared to 39,920 during the same period before the community quarantine (August 4, 2019 to March 16, 2020), or a daily average of 96 cases per day during the quarantine period from 177 cases per day before the quarantine period.

The Eight Focus Crimes serves as the PNP’s barometer of the peace and order situation in the Philippines. The Eight Focus Crimes are murder, homicide, physical injury, rape, robbery, theft and carnapping of motorcycles and motor vehicles.

“I would like to emphasize that the pre-quarantine period crime data was already decreasing as part of the consistent decline since July, 2016. And we were able to further reduce the already declining criminal incidents during the quarantine period,” Eleazar said.

During the first 42 months of the Duterte administration, Eleazar said the PNP noted a 62 percent reduction of index crimes compared to the last 42 months of the past administration, or from 900,200 cases from January, 2013, to June, 2016, to only 341,232 cases from July, 2016, to December, 2019.

“This is translated to a daily average of 706 cases during the last 42 months of the past administration to only 267 daily average under the administration of President Duterte,” said Eleazar.

In Metro Manila, the National Capital Region Police Office (NCRPO) recorded a 62 percent decrease in index crime during the same 42-month period, or from 143,643 cases of Eight Focus Crimes to only 54,977—or from 113 cases daily to only 43 cases per day.

From 2017 to 2018, the Philippines scored 82/100 in Gallup’s Global Law and Order report— which was also consistent with the start of a significant decline of nationwide index crimes in 2016. Last year, it improved to a score of 84 which was retained this year.

Gallup used four questions to measure the people’s sense of personal security and their personal experiences with crime and law enforcement:

  1. In the city or area where you live, do you have confidence in the police force?
  2. Do you feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where you live?
  3. Within the last 12 months, have you had money or property stolen from you or another household member?
  4. Within the past 12 months, have you been assaulted or mugged?

“This is proof that the improved peace and order situation in the country is not only on numbers but is also being felt by the people we serve. The consistent reduction in nationwide index crime is a reflection that indeed, our people now feel safer on the streets, in their community, and even inside their homes,” said Eleazar.

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